Construction and working principle of generator

Admin - Date 16/03/2022

Generators are becoming a necessity for many businesses and homes. If you are wondering how the Generator is structured and how it works? Let's find out with Huu Toan through the article below!

1. What is a Generator?

Simply put, a generator is a device that generates electricity. This amount of electricity we can use in production and business, or daily living needs.

The main uses of generators are power generation, rectification, voltage correction. Currently, the demand for electricity is high, generators play an extremely important role in backing up electricity in the event of power outages, power shortages, overloads...

So why generators can generate electricity, we will learn about the structure and operating principle of generators to better understand!

2. Generator construction

If you know the construction of a generator, operating the machine will become easier. The structure of a generator consists of many parts and components that are installed together. Specifically:

- Engine:

This is an extremely important part, it can be said that this is the heart of the generator. It is the input mechanical power supply of the generator. The raw materials used to operate the engine are usually gasoline, oil, natural gas ...

Usually, the size of the engine will be proportional to the maximum power of the generator. You should be consulted before choosing to buy a generator about the specifications, maintenance schedule to ensure the machine works well and improve the life of the machine.

- Generator head (Dynamo)

This is considered the second most important part of the generator's structure. It performs three functions: power generation, rectification, voltage correction.

In the player, there are two most important main components, ROTO and STATO.

The rotor is the moving part that generates the magnetic field. The structure of the rotor includes a steel core, winding wire and machine shaft.

The stator is the fixed part of the generator. Acts like a magnet, acting with the rotor to create movement. The stator is composed of electrical conductors wound in coils on a hollow core cylinder.

- Fuel system:

This is where the fuel is stored, connecting the fuel from the fuel tank to the engine so that the engine can operate. Fuel system includes fuel tank, connecting pipe, fuel pump, filter tank, injector, ventilation pipe… Each part holds an important function. They support each other to ensure the task of supplying and coordinating fuel in the generator to operate the machine more smoothly.

- Dashboard

The main function is to control all activities of the generating set, protect and display and synchronize.

- AVR voltage stabilizer:

Is the part that regulates the output voltage of the machine. It is responsible for ensuring that the voltage level is within the allowable limit, and for stabilizing the current in different conditions.

- Generator structure: Cooling system

The generator when operating will be hot and affect the operation of the machine, the cooling system will ensure the durability of the generator, increasing operational productivity.

- Generator structure: Lubrication system

Any generator must have an oil-operated lubrication system that lubricates the engine to help it operate reliably and smoothly for a long time, thereby prolonging the life of the engine.

- Battery charger

The task of the charger is to keep the generator's battery full, without interrupting the transmitter in the middle.

- Generator structure: Mainframe structure, shell

Protect the machine and, reduce the noise when the machine is in operation. Normally, the standard noise level is about 75dba ±3 at a distance of 7m in open space.

- Generator structure: Exhaust system

The exhaust system has the role of treating the exhaust gas - the result of the operation of the machine. And it is also closely connected to the motors to reduce vibration when the machine is in operation and protect the exhaust system. High-grade cast iron, steel and iron are the materials used to construct the exhaust system.

3. Working principle of generator?

The working principle of the generator is based on the principle of electromagnetic induction.

It can be roughly understood that when the impact makes the magnet or coil rotate. It will alternately increase and decrease the number of magnetic field lines from the magnet passing through the coil cross-section. If the phenomenon of increase and decrease occurs, the induced current in the coil also appears. At the same time, the current also alternates direction.

In addition to the principle of electromagnetic induction, generators also operate on the basis of magnetic force when acting on an electric current.

4. Introduction of Huu Toan generator

Huu Toan is one of the generator brands chosen by many businesses over the years. Some typical customers of Huu Toan such as Mobile World, VNVC, Viettel, Sacombank...

Huu Toan is the most trusted generator brand in Vietnam. Gradually, Huu Toan strengthens its presence in markets in Southeast Asia and Japan...

Huu Toan conquers customers with quality products of international standards, quick after-sales service, and a great experience for all customers.

Customers can find and buy the company's products at the dealer system. Or contact us directly for product advice and quotation:

  • Hotline: 1800 1757 / 028 3811 1122
  • Fanpage: Huu Toan Group
  • Email: hello@huutoan.com
  • Head office: Blue Sky Tower, No. 1 Bach Dang, Ward 2, Tan Binh District
  • Website: https://huutoan.com/